6 Types of Eczema and How They’re Treated

6 Types of Eczema and How They’re Treated

There are a number of chronic skin diseases that require ongoing management to keep symptoms under control. Eczema is one example of a disease and there are several types that can affect your skin’s health.

At Dermatology Center of Northwest Houston, our skilled dermatologists Lisa Hitchins, MD, and Sheevam Shah, MD, have extensive experience diagnosing and treating all types of eczema. They customize treatment plans that ease your symptoms and help reduce the frequency of eczema flare-ups.

Understanding eczema

Eczema is an umbrella term for non-contagious skin conditions that cause persistent inflammation, irritation, and itchiness. Typically, eczema begins in childhood and continues into adulthood. However, adults can also develop eczema at any time.

There’s no clear reason why eczema develops, but your environment and genetic background may contribute to the disease. These issues can also trigger a response from your immune system, causing inflammation in your skin, as well as other symptoms.

The different types of eczema

There are several types of eczema that affect both children and adults and it’s possible to have more than one type develop at one time. The common types of eczema our team diagnoses and treats include:

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common types of eczema that develops along with other immune system conditions, like asthma and hay fever.

This condition causes inflamed, itchy skin that can also ooze clear fluids. You may also develop blisters that crust over.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis causes skin inflammation and rashes when you make contact with allergens or irritants in your environment, such as lotions and other skin care products, chemicals, or certain fabrics, like wool.

Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis triggers flaky, dry skin on the oily regions of your scalp (dandruff), nose, and upper back.

Dyshidrotic eczema

Dyshidrotic eczema is a skin condition that causes small, itchy blisters to form on the edges of your palms, fingers, soles, and toes.

Nummular eczema

Nummular eczema causes coin-shaped spots to form on your skin that are itchy. This type of eczema is particularly difficult to treat.

Stasis dermatitis

Stasis dermatitis causes swelling, fluid leakage, and other symptoms in your lower legs. This condition develops because of excess pressure and poor circulation in the veins in your legs.

If you have persistent flare-ups of itchy, dry, or blistered skin, you should schedule a diagnostic evaluation with our team at Dermatology Center of Northwest Houston. We can confirm your symptoms relate to eczema and what type you have.

Your treatment options for eczema

Generally, the initial treatment for all types of eczema is a topical medication to reduce inflammation and dry up any clear discharge. We can recommend over-the-counter or prescription medications like hydrocortisone or corticosteroid creams or lotions. If you have an infection, you may need a course of antibiotics to clear it.

For harder to treat cases of eczema, topical immunomodulators or cyclosporine may be necessary to relieve your symptoms. If you have atopic dermatitis, antihistamines can help control your itching.

A good skin care routine is also vital to the management of eczema. We can suggest high-quality moisturizers, gentle cleansers, and a protective sunscreen to keep your skin nourished and moisturized.

Lifestyle changes to reduce your stress and avoid eczema triggers in your environment are also needed to lower your risk for eczema flare-ups.

If you need help managing eczema, schedule a consultation online or call the Dermatology Center of Northwest Houston today. 

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